Heart Murmurs

This entry was posted by Tuesday, 11 October, 2011
Read the rest of this entry »

What is a heart murmur?
Murmurs are sounds made by blood circulating through the heart’s chambers or valves, or through blood vessels near the heart.

What causes a heart murmur?
Heart murmurs may be caused by a number of factors or diseases, including the following:
defective heart valves holes in the heart walls (atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect.)

  • Surgical repair of congenital (present at birth) heart defects.
  • Fever anemia (a decrease in the red cells in the blood.)

What are the different types of murmurs?
Your child’s physician will evaluate a murmur based on several factors. Murmurs are analyzed for pitch, loudness, and duration. They also are graded according to their intensity (on a scale of one to six, with one being very faint and six being very loud.)

heart murmur

Types of murmurs include the following:

  • Systolic murmur – a heart murmur that occurs during a heart muscle contraction. Systolic murmurs are divided into ejection murmurs (due to blood flow through a narrowed vessel or irregular valve) and regurgitant murmurs.
  • Diastolic murmur – a heart murmur that occurs during heart muscle relaxation between beats. Diastolic murmurs are due to a narrowing (stenosis) of the mitral or tricuspid valves, or regurgitation of the aortic or pulmonary valves.
  • Continuous murmur – a heart murmur that occurs throughout the cardiac cycle.

Murmurs related to a congenital (present at birth) heart defect or other problem involving the heart structures will be heard the loudest in the area of the chest where the problem occurs. Some large defects have almost no murmur in the newborn due to normally elevated pressures in the blood vessels in the lungs. Murmurs may be inconsistent and difficult to hear in an infant who is agitated or crying. Thus, murmurs may be missed or not detected.

Do all murmurs signify heart disease?

Not all heart murmurs are symptoms of heart disease. Sometimes, a murmur may be heard in a normal child who has a fever or who is anemic; these murmurs often go away when the underlying problem is treated.

Some children have what is known as an innocent murmur. These murmurs are not related to congenital heart defects, and usually resolve by the time a child reaches adulthood. If your child’s physician hears an innocent murmur, he/she may want to perform additional tests to ensure a heart defect is not present. A child with an innocent murmur can live a normal life and be as active as any other healthy child.

Find a Pulse Oximeter to monitor your child’s Heart rate and Oxygen Saturation Levels

If you enjoyed this post, make sure you subscribe to my RSS feed!

2 Responses to “Heart Murmurs”

  1. I’ve been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any
    interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for
    me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as
    you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

    Here is my blog post; cost of head gasket repair

  2. This excellent website certainly has all the
    information and facts I wanted about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

Leave a Reply