Posts Tagged asthma

Dust Mites

Posted by on Monday, 19 December, 2011

What is a dust mite allergen?

Dust mites are microscopic organisms that can live and thrive throughout homes and schools. The mites and their waste products thrive in the following:

  • Bedding
  • Upholstered furniture
  • Carpets

dust mite

Dust mites thrive in warm, humid conditions and feed on the shed scales of human skin. The waste products of the dust mite are what produce allergic reactions and asthma. The best way to prevent dust mites is to limit your child’s exposure. Be sure to pay special attention to the bedroom, especially the mattress and pillows.
iconWays to decrease dust mite exposure include the following:

Beds
 – Every bed in your house should have wooden or metal frames. Do not allow your child to sleep on a couch, sofa, or hide-a-bed. If your child has asthma and sleeps in a bunk bed, he/she should sleep in the top bunk.

Mattress/Box Spring
 – Place all mattresses and box springs in a zippered, and tape over the zippers with electrical or duct tape.

Pillows -
 Encase pillows in zippered, dust-proof covers. Pillows should be made of Dacron or other synthetic fiber. Do not use foam, feather, or “Down” pillows.

Bedding
 – Avoid wool or down blankets. Wash all bedding (sheets, pillowcases, blankets)
in hot water. Cold water will not kill the dust mites. Dry all clothes and bedding in the dryer to avoid pollen sticking to them when on a clothesline.

Floor coverings
 – If possible, remove wall-to-wall carpeting. If not, vacuum the carpet frequently (at least twice a week). If your child has asthma, only vacuum when your child is away and will not return to the room for several hours after you have finished. Substitute multi-layered vacuum bags for regular single layer bags. Small, washable cotton rugs may be used if washed often. Wood, tile, or vinyl flooring without a rug is best, and they should be mopped at least weekly.

Furnace (heating) – 
Electric or gas heat is recommended. Do not use wood stoves or kerosene heaters. Change the air filters on the furnace every month. Cover all furnace outlets in the room with or cover the outlets with 10 thicknesses of cheesecloth or muslin. This will catch dust in the furnace air. Change the cheesecloth when it gets dusty underneath (about every two weeks).

Stuffed animals
 – Limit the number of stuffed animals to 2 or 3. Keep all stuffed animals off of the bed and wash them about once a month to remove dust mite allergens. Stuffed animals can also be put in a hot dryer for 20 minutes to remove dust mites.


Nebulizers

Posted by on Monday, 24 January, 2011

Nebulizers are commonly used for treatment of cystic fibrosis, asthma, COPD and other respiratory diseases. The common technical principle for all nebulizers is to either use oxygen, compressed air or ultrasonic power, as means to break up medical solutions/suspensions into small aerosol droplets, for direct inhalation from the mouthpiece of the device. When using a nebulizer for inhalation therapy with medicine to be administered directly to the lungs, it is important to note that inhaled aerosol droplets can only penetrate into the narrow branches of the lower airways, if they have a small diameter of 1-5 micrometers. Otherwise they are only absorbed by the mouth cavity, where the effect is low. They also accept their medicine in the form of a liquid solution, which is often loaded into the device’s difuser chamber upon use.

Cleaning procedures for medical nebulizer equipment

After each use, disassemble the nebulizer as directed and rinse arts thoroughly in hot running water.

The mouthpiece should be washed in a detergent solution once a day.

The following disinfecting procedure should be followed twice a week:

Disassemble the nebulizer and immerse all parts in a warm detergent solution (Ivory, Joy, etc,) and scrub with a soft bottle-brush. If the tube, which connects the compressor to the nebulizer, is clear and dry, it does not have to be washed. If it has moisture inside or is dirty, wash it along with the other parts. Do not immerse compressor in water!

Rinse all articles in hot water and shake off excess.

Completely immerse all articles in a white vinegar solution and allow soaking for 30 minutes. Vinegar solution is 1 part vinegar to 2-3 parts water.

Rinse well in hot water and shake off excess and drain small parts on a clean towel.

When everything is completely dry, it may be reassembled for the next use.

It is also a good idea to dip a cloth in the vinegar solution and wipe down the outside of the compressor machine.