Posts Tagged baby

Who is who?

Posted by on Saturday, 3 April, 2010

There are many specialist in the medical field that you are important for you and your baby to become acquainted with. I have prepared a list of the most common health-care professionals that I have had the opportunity to become more familiar with their practices for the continued well being of the medically fragile infants I have cared for over the years.

Audiologist: a medical professional who is specially trained to detect, diagnose, and treat individuals with impaired hearing. Cardiac surgeon: who specializes in performing surgery on the heart.

Cardiologist  and Cardiac surgeon: A doctor who specializes in the heart and circulation of blood and also performs surgery on the heart.

Gastroenterologist: A doctor who specializes in the treatment of stomach and intestinal disorders.

Geneticist: A Specialist who studies birth defects and their causes.

Hematologist: who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of blood problems.

Occupational Therapist (OT): person who treats problems involving the use of muscles, also may work with babies who have trouble eating.

Ophthalmologist: A doctor who specializes in eye problems

Orthopedist: A doctor who specializes in bone problems.

Physical Therapist (PT): person who treats feeding problems and problems of the muscles.

Neonatal Nurse Practitioner (NNP): a RN who has special training in the care of critically ill babies.

Neonatologist: A baby doctor (pediatrician) who has specialized training in the care of premature infants or critically ill newborns

Neurologist: A doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of brain and nervous system disorders.

Neurosurgeon: A doctor who specializes in surgery on the brain and nervous system.

Pediatric cardiologist: A doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of heart problems in children.

Pediatric surgeon: A doctor who specializes in performing surgery on newborns and children.

Pulmonologist: A doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of certain lung conditions.

Resident: A doctor in training after medical school, frequently used in medical school hospitals.

Respiratory therapists: Medical professionals who are trained, certified, and registered to set up, calibrate, monitor, and supervise the use of respiratory equipment.

Urologist: A doctor who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections.


Infantile Apnea

Posted by on Saturday, 3 April, 2010

Infantile apnea is when a baby stops breathing for more than 20 seconds or when a baby stops breathing for less than 20 seconds but has other symptoms at the same time, such as: fainting, pale or blue color skin, or a drop in heart rate below 80.

    Some causes of apnea include:

  • Infection
  • Blocked air passages
  • Exposure to drugs while in utero
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Unbalance of body salts
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Low blood sugar
  • Anemia

Apnea of the premature infant is the most common type of apnea in the newborn. This occurs because the premature infant’s brain is still developing and is not completely ready to control the baby’s breathing. The apnea stops once the premature baby grows and develops. While the baby is still immature, repeated prolonged apnea may cause low heart rate, fainting, and blueness. These symptoms can lead to low oxygen levels in the blood, possibly causing damage to the baby’s vital organs, including the brain. This is why premature babies in the nursery are monitored and treated for apnea with stimulation, medication or even sometimes with respirator support. The apnea monitor alerts us to apnea before it becomes prolonged, so that we may help the baby begin breathing again and avoid symptoms that are more serious.

Apnea monitor use

apnea monitor

The reason the baby needs to be on an apnea monitor and the length of the time the monitor is needed depends on the cause of the apnea, and how long it has been since any apnea has occurred. The decision to stop using the apnea monitor is a serious one and needs to be made by the baby’s physician. Generally, the monitor is continued until the baby has been apnea free for two months. Siblings of SIDS victims are often monitored until 6 months of age, or two months past the age at which the sibling died. Most premature infants will outgrow the need for a monitor by the time they are 3 to 4 months of age.