Posts Tagged hand foot mouth

Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease

Posted by on Saturday, 17 December, 2011

What is hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD)?

Hand-foot-mouth disease is an illness caused by a virus that results in a distinctive rash – small, blister-like bumps in the mouth, and on the hands and feet. The blisters may also appear in the diaper area and on the legs and arms. The lesions in the mouth usually appear on the tongue, the sides of the cheeks, or near the throat.

hand-foot -mouth disease

What causes hand-foot-mouth disease?

Hand-foot-mouth disease is caused by a virus. The most common viruses that cause hand-foot-mouth-disease include the following:

  • Coxsackie virus
  • Other enteroviruses

This disease is very common in children, particularly children under the age of 10. It is seen most often in the summer and fall. The virus is usually spread through fecal-oral contact, although other modes of transmission have been reported. Good hand washing is necessary to help prevent the spread of the disease.

What are the symptoms of hand-foot-mouth disease?

The following are the most common symptoms of hand-foot-mouth disease. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Blister-like bumps in the mouth (on the tongue, the cheeks, and near the throat and tonsils)
  • Blister-like bumps on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet; bumps may also be seen on the arms, legs, and diaper area.
  • Mild fever

How is hand-foot-mouth disease diagnosed?

Hand-foot-mouth disease is usually diagnosed based on a complete history and physical examination of your child. The rash of hand-foot-mouth disease is unique, and usually allows for a diagnosis simply on physical examination.

Treatment for hand-foot-mouth disease:

    Specific treatment for hand-foot-mouth disease will be determined by your child’s physician based on:

  1. Your child’s age, overall health, and medical history.
  2. Extent of the disease.
  3. Your child’s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies.
  4. Expectations for the course of the disease.
  5. Your opinion or preference.

The goal of treatment for hand-foot-mouth disease is to help decrease the severity of the symptoms. Since it is a viral infection, antibiotics are ineffective.

Treatment may include:

  • Increased fluid intake to prevent dehydration – provide cool, iced fluids in small amounts frequently acetaminophen for any fever.
  • Proper hand washing is essential in helping to prevent the disease from being spread to other children.

Herpangina

Posted by on Monday, 28 February, 2011

Herpangina is an illness caused by a virus, characterized by small blister-like bumps or ulcers that appear in the mouth, usually in the back of throat or the roof of the mouth. The child often has a high fever with the illness.

Herpangina is caused by a virus. The most common viruses that cause herpangina include the following:

hyperpangina

Herpangina is a very common disease in children and is usually seen in children between the ages of 1 and 4. It is seen most often in the summer and fall. Good hand washing is necessary to help prevent the spread of the disease.

The following are the most common symptoms of herpangina. However, each child may experience symptoms differently.

    Symptoms may include:

  • Blister-like bumps in the mouth, usually in the back of the throat and on the roof of the mouth
  • Headache
  • Quick onset of fever
  • High fever, sometimes up to 106 ยบ F
  • Pain in the mouth or throat
  • Drooling
  • Decrease in appetite

Herpangina is usually diagnosed based on a complete history and physical examination of your child. The lesions of herpangina are unique and usually allow for a diagnosis simply on physical examination.

Specific treatment for herpangina will be determined by your child’s physician based on:

  • Your child’s age, overall health, and medical history
  • Extent of the disease
  • Your child’s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
  • Expectations for the course of the disease
  • Your opinion or preference

The goal of treatment for herpangina is to help decrease the severity of the symptoms. Since it is a viral infection, antibiotics are ineffective.

Treatment may include:

  • Increased fluid intake
  • Acetaminophen for any fever
  • Proper hand washing is essential in helping to prevent the disease from being spread to other children.

If you suspect your child may have these underline symptoms, please consult your child’s pediatrician for more information.